E967 — пищевая добавка, подсластитель, влагоудерживающий агент, стабилизатор и эмульгатор: ксилит, xylitol (Е967)

Xylitol is a natural sugar alcohol (polyols) sweetener found in many fibrous fruits and vegetables such as berries, corn, mushrooms, and plums. Commercially it is produced from birch, other hard wood trees, and fibrous vegetables. It has about the same sweetness as sucrose (sugar) with a clean, sweet taste with no aftertaste, and imparts a cooling sensation. It is an odourless, white crystalline powder which is relatively stable at high temperatures and varying pH making it suitable for use in baking. It does not brown or caramelise as do sugars, retains moisture in baked goods, adds texture, and is an anti-crystallisation agent.

Humectant, artificial sweetener, stabiliser, bulking agent, sugar substitute. Found in raspberries, plums, lettuce and endives, though produced for commercial purposes from wood pulp; caused kidney stones and a diuretic effect on test rats, "a waste of time and the lives of the rats", for the JEFCA in 1983 ruled the tests invalid in relation to humans, the symptoms caused by 'physiological disturbances' in the rats!, we can only imagine what conditions led to upset rats. Used in low-joule foods and carbohydrate modified sweets, ice-cream chocolate, and jams; laxative in high concentrations. Xylitol is partly absorbed and metabolised as sugar by the body; the remaining fraction is fermented in the large intestine. During fermentation, gases are produced, which may cause bloating and flatulence. In intolerant persons it can act as a laxative. Side effects normally occur after an intake of 25-30 grams in a single dose, which is far above the usage in normal foods. Xylitol can be used by all religious groups, vegans and vegetarians. The term carbohydrate alcohol is a chemical definition; xylitol does not contain alcohol (ethanol).

Common Uses

Used in baked goods especially biscuits, dry mixes, cream fillings, chocolate, fondants, mints, hard- and soft-boiled candies, low-calorie foods, dietetic foods, kids chewable vitamins, and chewing gum.

 
 

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