E621 — пищевая добавка, усилитель вкуса: глутаминат натрия однозамещенный, глутамат (глютамат) натрия, monosodium glutamate (MSG) (Е621)

Monosodium glutamate is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, which is a natural essential amino acid. Glutamic acid is the most common excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain and is present in all complete proteins. Monosodium glutamate has the ability to make bland and tasteless foods taste wonderful. It is very cheap and easy to produce and is present in a wide variety of foods. Commercially it is prepared by yeast or bacterial fermentation using Brevibacterium, Arthrobacter, Microbacterium and Corynebacterium of molasses, starch, sugar beets, and sugar cane. It can also be prepared from vegetable protein. It is essentially an odourless, white crystal or crystalline powder that is slightly soluble in water, and commercially used as a flavour enhancer in foods. About 1.5 million metric tons are sold each year and this number is rising.

Added to any savoury processed protein food. In cigarettes and animal food. In over 10,000 foods in USA. Flavour enhancer derived from the fermentation of molasses, salt substitute; adverse effects appear in some asthmatic people, should not be permitted in foods for infants and young children as it could damage the nervous system. Typical products are canned vegetables, canned tuna, dressings, many frozen foods. To be avoided. It could kill nerve cells, resulting in diseases such as Huntington's, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Pregnant women, children, hypoglycaemic, elderly and those with heart disease are at risk from reactions.

Common Uses

Used in processed cheese, fat spreads, fat-based desserts, processed fruit, dried vegetables, canned or bottled vegetables, cooked or fried vegetables, breakfast cereals, pre-cooked pastas, batters, bakery wares, processed meat and poultry, semi-preserved fish and fish products, egg-based desserts, seasonings and condiments, soups and broths.

 
 

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