E341 — пищевая добавка, антиоксидант ортофосфаты кальция, calcium phosphates (Е341)

Monocalcium phosphate - Available commercially in the anhydrous or monohydrate form. Both are used as a leavening acid to replace cream of tartar in foods, 'straight baking powder' is a mixture of monocalcium phosphate monohydrate and sodium hydrogen carbonate. Monocalcium phosphate is used extensively in the fertiliser industry, when it was noted in 1880 that acidulated bones (containing tricalcium phosphate) made good fertiliser. Typical products include self-raising flour, baking powder, cake and pastry mixes, cakes and other pastry products, medicines as an antacid and polishing agent in enamels and as baking agent. In some self raising flours. Other names: calcium phosphate, monobasic, monohydrate, calcium tetrahydrogen diorthophosphate.

Dicalcium phosphate - Manufactured from phophoric acid, dicalcium phosphate is used as an antioxidant in food, an abrasive agent in toothpaste (dicalcium phosphate dihydrate) as well as being a firming agent. Available in the anhydrous or dihydrate forms. Typical products include tinned and packaged fruit deserts, granular food products. Other names: Calcium hydrogen orthophosphate, calcium phosphate dibasic.

Tricalcium phosphate - Some form of tricalcium phosphate is found to make up 60% of non-cellular bone structure and 70% of teeth in an average adult. Synthetic tricalcium phosphate is added to table salt, sugar, baking powder and fertilisers to give a 'free-flowing' quality. It is prepared from naturally derived calcium phosphate. Typical products include salt, sugar and other granular foods, packet sauce mixes, cake mixes etc. Other names: tricalcium diorthophosphate, calcium phosphate tribasic.



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